Mrs. Peggy Davis
used as a guard and draught dog and for driving cattle in the
Kanton Bern; today also multi purpose family dog. FCI
Classification: Group 2 (Pinscher and Schnauzer type- Molossian
type and Swiss Cattle dogs), Section 3 (Swiss Cattle dogs),
without working trial Brief historical summary: the Bernese
Mountain Dog is a farm dog of ancestral origin which was used as
a guard and draught dog and for driving cattle in the prealpine
regions and in the midland areas around Bern. Originally he was
named "Dürrbächler" according to the name of the hamlet
and of the inn in Dürrbach, near Riggisberg, where this
longhaired tricoloured farm dog was especially appreciated. In
1902, 1904 and 1907 subjects of this breed were exhibited at dog
shows. In 1907 a few breeders of the region of Burgdorf decided
to promote the pure breeding of this native dog by founding the
"Schweizerischer Dürrbach-Klub" and fixing the
characteristic traits of the breed in a first standard. In 1910,
at the invitation of the Dürrbach-Klub, there were already 107
subjects shown by the farmers at this special event. From that
day onward this dog, renamed "Bernese Mountain Dog"
(following the example of other breeds of the Swiss Mountain
Dogs) became rapidly known all over Switzerland and Southern
Germany. Today the Bernese Mountain Dog is well known and
appreciated all over the world as a companion and family dog
thanks to its striking tricoloured coat and its great
longhaired tricoloured working dog, of
above medium size, sturdily built, yet agile; well balanced in
compact rather than long, height at withers: length of
vigilant, fearless in situations of every day life, good natured
and devoted to his own people, self-assured and friendly towards
strangers; of average and docile temperament.
strong. Skull viewed from
front and in profile very slightly rounded. Facial-cranial
depression (stop) well defined without being too pronounced.
Frontal furrow slightly marked.
strong, of medium length; nasal bridge
not much developed; well fitting to the jaws; with
strong, complete dentition; scissor bite.
dark brown, almond shaped, with well fitting
triangular shape, slightly rounded at the tips, set
high, medium sized, in repose hanging flat and close to head.
strong, muscular, of medium length.
compact and sturdy
broad and deep
reaching to elbows; forechest well developed; chest and ribcage
of wide-oval cross-section
firm, straight and level.
broad and strong.
not tucked up
bushy, reaching at least to the hocks; hanging
straight down when at rest; carried level with back or slightly
above when moving.
forelegs standing rather wide apart;
straight and parallel
shoulder-blades long, strong and well laid
back, forming a not too open angle with the upper arm, well
attached to the chest, well muscled
almost vertical, firm.
short, round and tightly bunched; well arched
seen from the rear straight and not too
narrow; hocks and feet neither turning in nor out. Dewclaws to be
rather long, strong, broad and well muscled, with
well bent stifles.
strong, well angulated.
sound and balanced movement in all gaits
covering a lot of ground; free stride reaching well out in front,
with plenty of drive from behind; at the trot, coming and going,
legs moving forward straight and parallel.
long, smooth and slightly wavy
jet black, with rich tan markings on cheeks, over
the eyes, on all four legs and on the chest, and with white marks
- clean white symmetrical markings on the head: blaze extending
towards the nose on both sides to a muzzle band; the blaze should
not reach the tan markings above the eyes, and the white muzzle
band should not extend beyond the corners of the mouth.
- Moderately large, unbroken white markings on throat and
- Desirable: white feet, white tip of tail
- Tolerated: small white patch on nape of neck, small white anal
males: 64-70 cm at
whithers, ideal size: 66-68 cm
females: 58-66 cm at withers, ideal size: 60-63 cm
any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault which should be penalized in proportion to its
seriousness and importance.
- light bone structure
- undershot or overshot bite
- absence of teeth other than 1 or 2 PM 1 (first premolar); M3
(third molar) not to be considered
- entropion, ectropion
- sway back, rump higher than withers, sloping backline
- curled tail, kink tail
- distinctly curled coat
- faults of colour and markings:
- absence of white on head
- blaze too large and/or muzzle band reaching
noticeably beyond the corners of the mouth
- large white patch on nape of neck
- white collar
- white markings on forelegs reaching distinctly
beyond half-way of pasterns ("boots")
- disturbingly asymmetrical white markings on
head and chest
- black ticks and stripes on white of chest
- "dirty" white (strong spots of
- black coat with a touch of brown or red
- weak temperament, aggressiveness
- split nose
- wall eye
- short coat, double coat (Stockhaar)
- other than tricoloured coat
- other than black main colour.
male animals should have two apparently normal
testicles fully descended into the scrotum.